York Edward Crawford (Valedictorian and Senior Class President)
(Photo from Ancestry.com – 1936 Prairie Du Chien High School yearbook)

York Edward Crawford gravestone
(Photo by Vernon B. Paddock)

B. June 6, 1918 in Fremont, Waupaca County, WI
M. WW II Navy Veteran, CPhM Chief Pharmacist Mate
D. March 12, 1971
Find A Grave memorial (click here)

  • Father: Edward Charles “Ziggy” Crawford born August 28, 1893 in Prairie du Chien, Crawford County, WI, son of James Crawford (1862-1905) and Wilhelmina Caroline “Minnie” (Zabel) Crawford (1867-1929); Army Veteran (1918-1919), Private, Company A, Third Regiment of Infantry; Edward died November 22, 1938 in Prairie du Chien, Crawford County, IL; buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Prairie du Chien, Crawford County, WI
  • Mother: Ruby Imogene (Looker) Crawford born August 30, 1897 in Waupaca County, WI, daughter of Charles Looker (1860-1931) and Susan Sophia (Hinchley) Looker (1869-1907); married (1) Edward Charles “Ziggy” Crawford; married (2) William Otto “W.O.” Roth (1890-1974); Ruby died February 26, 1962; Ruby and William are buried in Morton Apostolic Christian Church Cemetery, Morton, Tazewell County, IL

According to the Decatur Daily Review (Decatur IL) Monday, February 26, 1962, page 1:

“WOMAN KILLED, 3 HURT IN CRASH NEAR MORTON – Morton, Feb. 26 (AP) – A two-car collision at a foggy intersection near Morton Sunday night fatally injured one person and seriously injured three others.  Mrs. Ruby Roth 63, who was riding in a car driven by her husband, William, 71, died early today.  Roth, of Morton, and a passenger Louise Tevis, 62, of Goodfield were in critical condition in a Peoria hospital.  The driver of the other car, Robert Craddick, 22, of Tremont was in serious condition.  State police said fog and slippery pavement at the intersection of Illinois 121 and Allentown blacktop contributed to the accident.”

  • Wife: Phyllis M. (Senne) Crawford born November 10, 1930 in Rockford, Winnebago County, IL, daughter of Elmer E. Senne (1908-1981) and Marie Fern (Cuplin) Senne (1910-1989); Phyllis died September 1, 2020 in Florida

According to the legacy.com website:

“Phyllis Crawford
LAKELAND – Phyllis Crawford passed away Sept.1, 2020.  She was born November 10, 1930 in Rockford, Il. to Elmer and Marie Senne.  She moved from Illinois to Lakeland, Fl in 1988.
   She is survived by daughters Deborah and Caroline, sons Edward, York, Jerome, and Douglas, sisters Joyce and violet, 14 grandchildren and 7 great grandchildren.
   She was baptized as one of Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1947.  Phyllis was a happy and generous person and will be missed.
   A memorial service on Zoom is being planned for Sept 12.
Published by The Leger from Sep. 11 to Sep. 12, 2020.”

  • Children:
  1. Deborah (Crawford) Lauer; married Warren Lauer
  2. Edward Crawford
  3. York James Crawford born August 29, 1955 in Waukegan, Lake County, IL; married Eileen Coleman Herzog in August 1991; York died March 24, 2021 in Johnston City, Williamson County, IL

According to the Blue Funeral Home and Cremations Services in Marion, IL website:


   Johnston City – York James “Jim” Crawford, 65, passed away on Wednesday, March 24, 2021 at his home surrounded by his wife, family and friends.
   York was born August 29, 1955 in Waukegan, IL to York Edward and Phyllis (Senne) Crawford.
   After high school, York worked for the street department of Lake Forest, Cotter Paint  Company in Crystal Lake and then became a computer quality control technician until he was disabled in 1985 due to an accident.
   York moved to Marion in 1987.  He volunteered in the adult right to read program in the area.  York joined Zion United church of Christ in Marion in 1991.  He volunteered in the Logos youth program there and sang in the choir.  York was an excellent and dedicated singer for several years.  He was also very blessed to attend, when possible, United Methodist Church in Johnston City.
   York’s hobbies included fishing, art (drawing and painting), reading, and taking care of his beloved dogs and cats.  He married Eileen Coleman Herzog in August 1991 and they were married for 30 years.
   Survivors include his wife, Eileen; brothers, Edward, Jerome (Glenda) and Douglas (Julie) all of Lakeland, FL; sisters, Deborah (Warren) Lauer and Caroline Gardner of Lakeland, FL; sons, Vincent Crawford of McHenry, IL and James Devers of Lakeland, FL; daughter, Lorel (Don) Kannenberg of Woodstock, IL; grandson, Eric Kannenberg of Woodstock, IL and Travis Jerome Crawford of McHenry, IL; granddaughter, Crystal Kenneberg of Woodstock, IL.
   He is also survived by his stepson, Bradley (DeAnna) Herzog of Marion; step grandchildren, Joseph Blake (Katy) Groves of Marion; Megan Groves of Marion and Katy (Evan) McCree of Marion; two step grandsons, Harrison Dean and Porter James Groves of Marion and a step great granddaughter, Evie Mae McCree as well as many friends and beloved pets.
   York was preceded in death by his parents; grandparents; son, Thomas Randall Crawford; step sister, Kathleen Pape; step brother, Walter Pape and many beloved pets.
   A memorial service will be held on Tuesday, March 30, 2021 at 6pm at Blue funeral Home in Marion with Pastor John Holst and Pastor Stephen Hudspath officiating.  Visitation will be on Tuesday from 4pm until the time of service at the funeral home.
   Due to health concerns related to the COVID-19 virus, those attending the funeral service and visitation are asked to follow social distancing guidelines and the wearing of masks is encouraged.
   It would be impossible to mention by name all the family members, friends, church family friends, Hospice of Southern Illinois nurses and personnel and others who have been such a blessing and support to us.  However, there are four special neighbors who have been so very helpful and such a blessing and we wish to list their names here: Mary Ann Garrison, Billy Smith, Tom Hubbs and Tony.
   Memorial may be made to St. Judes Children’s Hospital or Hospice of Southern Illinois and will be accepted at the funeral home.”

4. Jerome Crawford
5. Caroline (Crawford) Gardner
6. Douglas Crawford

Additional Information:

According to the 1920 U.S. Census for Village of Fremont, Waupaca County, WI the household members were:

“Edward Crawford, head, age 26, married, born in Wisconsin, parents born in Wisconsin, occupation: button cutter – button factory; Ruby Crawford, wife, age 22, married, born in Wisconsin, father born in Canada, mother born in Wisconsin; York Crawford, son, age 1 6/12, single, born in Wisconsin”

According to the 1930 U.S. Census for City of Prairie du Chien, Prairie du Chien Township, Crawford County, WI living at 314 N 3rd, the household members were:

“Edward Crawford, head, age 37, married at age 24, born in Wisconsin, father born in Wisconsin, mother born in Iowa, occupation: pilot – ferry; Ruby Crawford, wife, age 33, married at age 20, born in Wisconsin, father born in Canada, mother born in Wisconsin; York Crawford, son, age 11, single, born in Wisconsin”

According to the 1940 U.S. Census for the U.S. Naval Hospital, San Diego, San Diego County, CA, the household members were:

“York E. Crawford, U.S.N., age 21, single, highest grade completed: C-1, born in Wisconsin, Lived in Prairie du Chien, Crawford County, WI in 1935, occupation: Seaman 2/c – U.S.N.”

According to the U.S. City Diretories, 1822-1995: 1942 Peoria, Peoria County, IL City Directory:

“Crawford, York E USN r311 S Frink”

According to the Post-Crescent (Appleton WI) Tuesday, November 3, 1942, page 12:

   “York Crawford, son of Mrs. Ruby Crawford and a former Fremont resident, in on the Solomon Islands.  He is in the marine corps.”

According to the Oshkosh Northwestern (Oshkosh WI) Tuesday, July 18, 1944, page 7:

   “Mrs. Ruby Crawford and Chief Petty Officer York Crawford, who are visiting here from Peoria, Ill., were guests of honor Saturday at a party given at the home of the former’s borther-in-law and sister, Mr. and Mrs. Albert Luedtke.”

According to the U.S. WWII Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-1947:

“Name: York Edward Crawford; Address: 750 Bellomy St., Santa Clara, Santa Clara County, Calif.; Telephone: Santa Clara 1027-R; Age in Years: 27; Date of Birth: June 6, 1918; Place of Birth: Fremont, Wisconsin; Country of Citizenship: U S A; Name of Person Who Will Always Know Your Address: Mrs. Ruby Crawford; Relationship of That Person: Mother; Address of That Person: 125 No. Underhill, Peoria 5, Ill.; Employer’s Name: Unemployed; Race: White; Height: 5′ 11 1/2″; Weight: 150; Eyes: Blue; Hair: Brown; Complexion: Ruddy; Other obvious physical characteristics that will aid in identification: small scar on forehead;  Signed: 11-26-45”

According to the 1950 U.S. Census for Peoria, Peoria County, IL, living at 1316 Main St., the household members were:

“Ruby Crawford, head, age 51, widowed, born in Wisconsin, Occupation: Office work – Chiropractic Clinic; York Crawford, son, age 31, divorced, born in Wisconsin, Occupation: Research work – Naval Research Base”

According to the U.S., National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel, 1921-1970:

“Name: York E Crawford; Gender: Male; Graduation Year: 1950; Residence Year: 1950; Residence: U S Naval Training Ctr, Great Lakes, Illinois, USA; Grade Completed: Master’s degree; Professional Society: American Institute of Biological Sciences; Employment City: Great Lakes; Employer: Navy Med Research Unit 4”

According to the U.S. City Directories, 1822-1942 (1952 Peoria, Peoria County, IL City Directory):

“Crawford, York E bacteriologist r1316 Main”

According to the U.S., City Directories, 1822-1995 (1956 Waukegan, Illinois, City Directory):

“Crawford, Yore E (Phyllis M) h2831 Navaho rd.”

According to the Great Lakes Bulletin (Great Lakes IL) Friday, March 31, 1967, page 3:

Government Employee
Nominated For Award

   Mr. York E. Crawford of 402 Prospect Dr., Round Lake, Ill., has been nominated for Outstanding Professional Employee among more than 60,000 U. S. Government employees of the Chicago metropolitan area.  The announcement was made last week by Capt. Robert O. Peckinpaugh, OIC, Naval Medical Research Unit No. 4.
   Mr. Crawford is chief of the Mycoplasma Research Division, NAMRU-4, and has had 21 years of service with the government.  He is among the prominent employees of some 200 Federal agencies who are being considered for honors at the eleventh Federal Employees of the Year Awards Program to be held May 24 at the Conrad Hilton Hotel in Chicago.

   Mr. Crawford is competing in the professional category with members of a wide variety of professors and sciences including such areas as: medicine, biological sciences, physical sciences, mathematics and statistics, law, engineering, architecture, social sciences and accounting.  All will be compared for competence, efficiency and accomplishments in the different fields of work.
   He began his Civil Service career as a research microbiologist GS-7 in 1950.  Since then, he has progressed steadily to his present status and grade level of GS-13.  He is an active member of the American Society for Microbiology and the Illinois Society for Microbiology.
   Mr. Crawford and his wife, Phyllis, reside in Round Lake with their six children, Deborah, 15; Edward, 13; York, 11; Jerome, 9; Caroline, 6 and Douglas, 5.”

According to the Chicago Tribune (Chicago IL) Monday, September 2, 1968, page 43:

Round Lake Gets
Playlot Director

   The village of Round Lake Park has named the first playground director in its history.  York Crawford, 402 Prospect dr., will direct play activity at park located at Grandview, Prospect, and Locust drives.  He will serve without pay.”

The following is a list of articles authored or co-authored by York  E. Crawford:

  • “The Determination of Antistreptolysin O” by J. J. Robinson, M.D., Y. E. Crawford, M. S., and D. M. Roholt for the American Journal of Clinical Patholgoy, Volume 22, Issue 3, March 1952, pages 237-246
  • “The Independence of Antistreptolysin O and Antistaphylolysin Serum Titers” by J. J. Robinson, M.D., and Y. E. Crawford, M. S. for the American Journal of Clinical Pathology, Volume 22, Issue 2, March 1952, pages 247-249
  • “Serological Diagnosis of Influenza: Antibody Levels in Relation to the Concentration of Virus Used in the Hemagglutination-Inhibition Test” by Robert L. Woolridge and York E. Crawford for the Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 91, No. 2, Sep.-Oct. 1952, pages 159-162
  • “Method for Determining Antistreptolysin O Titer using Capillary Blood” by York E. Crawford, M.S., John J. Robinson, M.D. for the American Journal of Clinical Pathology, Volume 24, Issue 9, September 1954, pages 1103-1109
  • “Isolation and Reversion of L Forms of Beta-hemolytic Streptococci”; From the Divisions of Immunology and Bacteriology, Naval Medical Research Unit No. 4, Great Lakes, Illinois by York E. Crawford, Paul F. Frank, Betty Sullivan for the Journal of Infectious Diseases, Jan-Feb 1958, Volume 102, Issue 1, pages 44-52
  • “Studies of a Complement-Fixing Antigen from Group A Streptoccal 1 Forms, I. Preparation and Preliminary Tests in Rabbits and Man” by York E. Crawford for the Journal of Immunology, January 1960, page 86-92
  • “Antistreptococcal L Form Complement – Fixation Serum Titers and their Relation to Antistreptolysin O Titers of Naval Recruits in Outbreaks of Group A Streptococci and in Rheumatic Fever” by Y. E. Crawford, I Schultz for the Report (U.S. Naval Medical Research Laboratory) February 1960, page 1-15
  • Failure to Demonstrate Increased Hypersensitivity to Egg Protein after Immunization with an Influenza Vaccine of the Oil-Adjuvant Type” by A. D. Heggie, Y. E. Crawford, L. F. Miller for the New England Journal of Medicine, November 1960, pages 959-962
  • “Outdated Red Blood Cells from the Blood Bank, for Determination of Antistreptolysin O Titers” by Y. E. Crawford, M.S., R. P. Skinner, HM1, USN, W. J. Lind, HM1, USN, A. E. Heimann, HM1, USN, D.E. Hutchings, HM1, USN, W. T. Stille, M.S. for the American Journal of Clinical Pathology, Volume 35, Issue 3, March 1961, pages 279-283
  • “Multiple Infections in Acute Respiratory Illness, I. Severity of Illness of Naval Recruits and Independence of Infectious Agents” by W. T. Stille, Willard Pierce, York E. Crawford for the Journal of Infectious diseases, Volume 109, Issue 2, September 1961, pages 158-165
  • “Virus Pneumonia and Adenovirus Infection: A Reapraisal” by John C. Maisel, Willard E. Pierce, York E. Crawford, Max J. Rosenbaum for the American Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 75, Issue 1, January 1962, pages 56-68
  • “The Antibody Response of Rheumatic Fever Subjects to Respiratory Viruses” by York E. Crawford, M. J. McNamara for the Annals of Internal Medicine, March 1962, pages 389-396
  • “Patterns of Adenovirus Infection in the Respiratory Diseases of Navel Recruits – A Longitudinal Study of Two Companies of Naval Recruits” by Michael J. McNamara, Willard E. Pierce, York E. Crawford, Lloyd F. Miller for the American Review of Respiratory Disease, October 1962, Volume 96, Issue 4, page 485-497
  • “Studies of a Complement-Fixing Antigen from Group A Streptococcal L-Forms, II. Antibody Reactions of Naval Recruits in Streptococcal Outbreaks and Acute Rheumatic Fever by York E. Crawford for the Journal of Immunology, November 1962, pages 698-708
  • “Multiple Infections in Acute Respiratory Disease: II. Gamma Globulin Distrubances in dual Infections and Possible Significance in Acute Rheumatic Fever” by R. I. Lytle, W. E. Pierce, Y. E. Crawford for the Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 113, No. 3, Sep.-Oct. 1963, pages 123-130
  • “Epidemiology and Prevention of Acute Respiratory Disease in Naval Recruits, I. Ten Years’ Experience with Microbial Agents Isolated from Navel Recruits with Acute Respiratory Disease” by Max J. Rosenbaum, Ph.D. E. A. Edwards, B.A., Paul F. Frank, M.S., Willard E. Pierce, Y. E. Crawford, M.S., and Lloyd F. Miller, MC, USN, for the American Journal Public Health Nations Health, January 1965, pages 38-46
  • “A Selective Medium and Color Test for Mycoplasma Pneumoniae” by William H. Kraybill, York E. Crawford for the Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, April 1965
  • “Mycoplasma pneumoniae in Primary Atypical Pneumonia” by John F. Griffin, MC; York E. Crawford, MS for the Jama Network, September 1965
  • “Comparison of Two Agar Media for the Isolation of Mycoplasma from the Human Oropharynx” by William H. Kraybill, York E. Crawford for the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, July 1967
  • “The Mixtures of Mycoplasma Species Isolated from the human Oropharynx” by York E. Crawford, William H. Kraybill for the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, July 1967, pages 411-424
  • “A Microbial Enigma: Mycoplasma and Bacterial L-forms” by York E. Crawford, World Publishing Company, 1967, 264 pages 
  • “Association of Mycoplasma Pneumonia Infection with Primary Atypical Pneumonia” by John P. Griffin and York E. Crawford for the American Review of Respiratory Disease, January 1969, Volume 100, Issue 2, pages 206-212
  • “Hemagglutinin from the L Phase of Neisseria meningitidis Group B, with Obervations on a Serum Inhibitor” by York E. Crawford, Robert P. Nalewalk, Ralph I. Lytle, and Joan L. O’Connell for the Journal of Clinical Microbiolgy, September 1971, 
  • “A Longitudinal Study of Mycoplasma Pneumoniae: Infections in Navy Recruits by Isolation and Seroepidemiology” by Earl A. Edwards, York E. Crawford, Willard E. Pierce, Robert O. Peckinpaugh for the American Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 104, Issue 5, November 1976, pages 556-562

According to the “NAMRU-4 – 25, Naval Medical Research Unit No. 4, Great Lakes, Illinois 1946 – 1971” “A memento of the Silver Anniversary of the Naval Medical Research Unit No. 4 1946 – 1971”:  (Click to view document)

York Edward Crawford
(photo from the Naval Medical Research Unit No. 4 program book)


   During the life of any organization, many people can be noted for their contributions.  One of the contributors to medical science through his 21 years of work at Naval Medical Research Unit No. 4 has been York Edward Crawford.  His accomplishments have received international recognition.  His awareness, diligence, and faithfulness have served to successfully carry out the Unit’s mission.
   Even after his untimely death, his recollections, drafts and notes have formed the basis of the following recorded history.  This Silver Anniversary Memento is therefore dedicated to his memory.”